Wednesday, April 1, 2015

Water Emergency

Have you heard the latest news about the drought in California? It's the worst in recorded history!

It will soon be illegal for anyone in the state to shower or bathe more than once a week, flush the toilet more than twice a day, or water lawns or flower gardens at all. Slight exceptions will be made for plants that produce fruits or vegetables. Outer clothing will have to be worn at least twice before laundering.

Strict fines will be imposed for people not obeying these new regulations.

April Fool!

The regulations aren't nearly that strict ... at least not yet.

But except for watering plants, most of those artificial regulations are pretty much the way people lived in the past. Outhouses didn't need to be flushed, people often wore the same clothes for a week except for their "Sunday best" and, as I mentioned before, bathing once a week was the norm.

I hope we don't get to the point where we actually have regulations like the artificial ones I mentioned. And that will be less likely if everyone in our state tries to limit water usage as much as possible.

Saturday, March 28, 2015

The Categorical Universe of Candice Phee

I'd never read anything by Barry Jonsberg before reading The Categorical Universe of Candice Phee but I'll certainly read more of his work in the future.

I loved this book!

Unlike many new books for kids, the author was able to make it different without seeming to try too hard or depending on gimmicks.

Candice, the twelve year old main character, has a complicated life with lots of problems and works hard trying to solve them.

But there's nothing maudlin  or depressing about this book. In fact it had me laughing out loud quite a few times.

Now I can't wait to read other Middle Grade and Young Adult Fiction by this author.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Living Language

I've always been fascinated with the science of Linguistics, even when I was a little kid and didn't know that term.

When my brother was a toddler learning to talk I could understand him when the grown-ups couldn't, and that made me feel important. Then we moved from New Jersey to California when I was five years old and I was amazed that people out west used different words for some things than people did back east.

I took lots of electives in college on the subject,of Linguistics, too.

And I'm still fascinated by the way languages evolve over the years.

English has the largest vocabulary of any language on our planet because it has been influenced by nearly every other culture over the centuries.  Since most people reading this would find the topic boring I won't begin to list the various ones that have influenced our language over the centuries. If any of us were to time-travel to England hundreds of years ago we'd probably find it difficult to communicate, at least for a while.

English is still changing because it's a living language. Only languages no longer in use stop changing.

That's why it bugs me when I hear people complain about how others are using grammar and vocabulary that wasn't used in the past. Okay, maybe our high school English teachers would have given us bad marks for some of the modern usages, and current English teachers and professors may do the same. And in formal, academic writing those things aren't acceptable.

But centuries in the future many of them will have become standard usage - unless our culture has been destroyed and English is a dead language.

I certainly hope that doesn't happen.

Friday, March 20, 2015

Bathing

Back in earlier centuries when lots of America was farmland or forests and modern plumbing wasn't available most people usually bathed once a week. They might have used metal or wooden wash tubs for their baths. The water would have been carried from wells, streams, rivers or lakes and heated over wood burning stoves.

Usually the father would take the first bath, and he'd probably be sweaty and dirty from his labor.

Then the mother would use the same water for her bath, followed by the children from the oldest to the youngest.

By the time the last child bathed, the water must have been very dirty, but carrying and heating separate tubfulls would have been a lot of work.

In California we're having a drought and have been asked to cut back on our water usage. The drought would have to be mighty severe for families to bathe only once a week and share one tub of water. Thank Heaven we aren't having one that serious!

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

A Sandy Grave

Donna McDine has written a book that will help kids understand an ecological problem. In this story three girls join a crowd to see a dead whale that has washed up on the shore.

But there are some suspicious men also watching. When the girls find out why the men are there will they have the courage to try to stop them from doing something wrong?

The art by Julie Hammond is lovely and adds to the pleasure of the book.

Hopefully, kids who read it will be encouraged to do the right thing.

Saturday, March 14, 2015

Easter Bunnies and Eggs

Lately I've read some things questioning what rabbits and eggs have to do with the Christian celebration of Easter.

Since rabbits didn't live in the part of the world where the resurrection took place that's a good question. The closest kind of rodents from that area are creatures called conies.

But that's irrelevant.

Because rabbits tend to have large litters of babies and reproduce more often than many kinds of animals, they became a symbol of new life.

And birds hatching from within the hard shells of eggs have the same symbolism.

And that's what Easter is about.

Wednesday, March 11, 2015

Rap Links

If, like me, you're interested in language and/or history, or if you like rap music here are some things you might enjoy reading.

In the past I've blogged about my belief that many of what we call nursery rhymes were originally performed on the streets like rap music is done today. Many of those rhymes were political statements disguised to avoid punishment. Freedom of speech didn't exist in the Middle Ages.

If you want to read my previous posts on the subject here are the links to them:
http://onwordsblog.blogspot.com/search?q=Rap

Recently I saw an interesting post about the use of rhythm in various languages and cultures.  It seems rap is not only for people who speak English. Here's the link to that article:
http://daily.jstor.org/word-mother-tongue-can-hip-hop-save-endangered-languages/

 I'd love to hear what you think about these posts.